John Maynard Keynes — English Economist born on June 05, 1883, died on April 21, 1946

John Maynard Keynes, 1st Baron Keynes ,CB, FBA, was an English economist whose ideas fundamentally changed the theory and practice of modern macroeconomics and the economic policies of governments. He built on and greatly refined earlier work on the causes of business cycles, and is widely considered to be one of the most influential economists of the 20th century and the founder of modern macroeconomics. His ideas are the basis for the school of thought known as Keynesian economics and its various offshoots... (wikipedia)